How much vacation time do employees get? It depends on the company or organization. There isn't a set amount because employers are not required to providevacation leave,either with pay or unpaid.
Some employers give vacation time onlyto full-time employees. Others grant it to all employees. Still others offer prorated vacation leave based on theemployee's work schedule and employment status.
Review information on when employees are eligible for paid vacation, how many days off employers provide, and pay for unused vacation.
- There are no federal or state laws that require employers to give employees paid or unpaid vacation time.
- When organizations offer vacation leave, the amount of time off is determined by company policy, collective bargaining agreements, or employment contracts.
- Some states require employers to pay an employee for unused leave time when they leave a job.
Who Gets Vacation Pay
Employers aren’t required to give employees vacationleave or topay for it if they do offer it. Federal law does not provide for vacation pay. TheFair Labor Standards Act(FLSA) does not require payment for time not worked, such as vacations, sick time, or holidays. Therefore, employees are not legally entitled to paid vacation time or paid holidays off from work.
Vacation pay is based on an agreement between an employer and an employee, either acollective bargaining agreement,company policy, oranemployment contract. If you are entitled to receive vacationpay,the agreement or company policy will determine howmuch you will get.
Company Vacation Policies
The amount of vacation time any employee receives is determined by company policy,collective bargainingagreements, or even, especially in small companies, an informal agreement between an employee and management.
There are some rules that apply, however. When employers do offer vacationleave, it has to be offered equitably. Companies can't discriminate based on race, gender, religion, or other protected characteristics when giving time off from work.
Organizations That Offer Paid Vacation
Private Industry Employers
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), in2021,paid vacation leave was available to 92% of private industry employees at the largest companies. Ofthoseworkingforthe smallest private industry employers, 71% had paid vacation.
Almost all employees in finance and manufacturing (95%) had access to paid vacation leave. More than three-quarters of workers in construction (82%), education and health services (82%), professional and business services (81%), and trade, transportation, and utilities (81%) received paid vacation. Butless than half the employees in leisure and hospitality occupations (43%) had access to paid vacation leave.
Average Number of Paid Vacation Days
Vacation time earned by employees varies with the length of time they have worked for their employer. TheBLS reportsthefollowing:
- 34% of workers with one year of service receive 10-14 days of paid vacation.
- 32% of employees with five years of service receive 15-19 days of paid
- 33% of employees with 10 years of service receive 15-19 days of paid
- 29% of employees with 20 years of service receive 20-24 days of paid
The Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) 2022 Employee Benefits Survey reports that 99% of employers offered paid vacation leave, 67% offered paid time off (PTO) (which includes both vacation and sick leave), and 6% of employers provided paid unlimited leave.
Paid Vacation vs. Paid Time Off(PTO)
What is PTO?
Some employers combine vacation time with personal days and sick time to provide a total number of days of paid time off (PTO) from work. PTO is leave time that can be used for any reason, such as vacation, personal illness, family illness, or otherpersonal reasons. These plans offer employees flexibility in how they choose to use their time off.
This bank of time typically does not includefederal holidays,which, depending on the employer's holiday policy, canbe additional days off from work.
Average Amount of PTO
The amount of time off provided in PTO plans varies based on the employer. A WorldatWork Survey reports that the average number of paid time off days ranged from 18 days with one year of service to 29 days with over 20 years of service. SHRM reports thatthe average number of leave days based on length of service ranged from 13 to 26 days per year for PTO plans.
How Vacation Time Accrues
Company policy determines how employees earnvacation time.
Some companies providevacationleave or PTO that accrues on a monthly basis or is based on a certain number of hours worked. For example, employees may receive one day per month or eight hours of leave that they can take off for any reason.
Other companies provide vacation daysbased on years of service. In this case, the employee could be provided with a week for every year of service, up to a maximum number of weeks. If vacation leave is based on years of service, the employee is usually eligible to take it after they have worked for a year.
The amount of time off earned depends on company policy or the terms of a collective bargaining agreement for covered workers.
Pay for Unused Vacation Time
Depending on company policy, employees may be required to use their vacation during a specific time period, which is known asa "use-it-or-lose-itpolicy," or they may be able to carry unused vacation or PTO over to future years.
If the company does allow vacationdays to be accrued, there may be limits to how much time can be carried over, and there may be a deadline for using the carried-over vacation days.
When you leave a job, depending on your location, state law may provide for payment of unused vacation time upon separation of employment.
How To Check Your Vacation Status
When a company is offering you a job, they should let you know how much vacation you are entitled to and when you can start taking it. If you haven't been informed, check with the human resources department or with the person who offered you the job. That way, you will know upfront howmuch time you will be able to take off from work.
If you're already working, check with human resources for clarification of your vacation status.(The information may also be available on the company website.)
Tips for Negotiating Vacation
If the company doesn't offer vacation time, you may be able to negotiate with your employer to take a certain number of days off. This would most likely beunpaid time off from work.
In addition, if you do receive paid vacation, you may be able to negotiate extra time off, on an unpaid basis, if your employer is flexible.
There are no guarantees, of course, but sometimes it can't hurt to put in a request if you are a well-respected employee.
Experienced workers who are being recruited may be able tonegotiate additional vacation time equal tothe amount offered by their current employer rather than accepting the amount traditionally awarded to new hires at their target firm.
Laws Regulating Vacation
There are no federal laws regulating vacation. However, depending on thestatein which you reside, employees mayhaveto be paidforunused vacation time.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Do employers have to pay workers for vacation or sick time?
Employers are not required to pay employees for time they don’t work unless the company has a policy to that effect or the workers have an employment contract or collective bargaining agreement that requires payment for vacation, sick leave, holidays, or other time not worked.
Are employees paid for unused vacation days when they quit a job?
Federal law does not cover vacation time or pay. Some states require payment for accrued vacation time when an employee leaves a job. Others don’t. So whether you’re entitled to be paid for unused vacation time depends on company policy and state law. Check with your state's labor department for the rules in your location.