Most Diverse Cities in the U.S. (2023)

America is undergoing an extreme makeover, thanks to rapid demographic diversification. For example, while non-Hispanic whites are expected to remain the largest ethnic group for the foreseeable future, they will likely no longer make up a majority of the population by 2045. As the U.S. diversifies, it must stamp out hatred and promote unity, and there's a lot of work to do. For example, anti-Asian hate crimes spiked by nearly 150% in 2020.

It’s important to embrace diversity – and it’s good for the economy, too. Not only have waves of immigration changed the face of the nation, they’ve also brought in fresh perspectives, skills and technologies to help the U.S. develop a strong adaptability to change. Economies generally fare better when they openly embrace and capitalize on new ideas. Conversely, those relying on old ways and specialized industries tend to be hurt more by changes in the market.

This article is the final installment in WalletHub’s diversity study series. It combines household diversity and religious diversity with our previous reports on socioeconomic diversity, cultural diversity and economic diversity. WalletHub tallied the scores across the five major diversity categories for 501 of the largest cities across 13 metrics.

Table of Contents

Main FindingsDetailed FindingsRankings by City SizeAsk the ExpertsMethodology

Main Findings

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Most Diverse Cities in America

(Video) The 5 Most Racially Diverse Cities in America

Overall RankCityTotal ScoreSocioeconomic DiversityCultural DiversityEconomic DiversityHousehold DiversityReligious Diversity
1Houston, TX71.87963112513653
2Jersey City, NJ71.7251383164257
3New York, NY71.59506263165204
4Dallas, TX71.52684719015943
5Los Angeles, CA71.333237265211
6Gaithersburg, MD71.2422221392308
7Silver Spring, MD71.215202300308
8Arlington, TX71.191113811723790
9Long Beach, CA71.0653277752211
10Danbury, CT71.054532118207162
10Chicago, IL71.05734129825476
12Germantown, MD70.98183246400308
13Sandy Springs, GA70.7217884813932
14Aurora, IL70.68949315395106
15Yonkers, NY70.567029299201180
16Stamford, CT70.553926396261162
17Clifton, NJ70.5410424186314169
18Alexandria, VA70.464837280365155
19New Rochelle, NY70.451144296320180
20San Diego, CA70.42722210150302
21Norwalk, CT70.272652244324162
22Charlotte, NC70.21247833224991
23Bridgeport, CT70.153311227556162
24Roswell, GA70.15631134384532
25Fort Worth, TX70.129560119245161
26Sacramento, CA69.9591161538397
27San Jose, CA69.94979356397297
28St. Paul, MN69.935969357154131
29Fresno, CA69.89252632428190
30Brooklyn Park, MN69.861396742438844

Note: With the exception of “Total Score,” all of the columns in the table above depict the relative rank of that city, where a rank of 1 represents the most diverse conditions for that metric category.

Detailed Findings

CityIncome DiversityEducational-Attainment DiversityRacial & Ethnic DiversityLinguistic DiversityBirthplace DiversityIndustry DiversityOccupational DiversityWorker-Class DiversityMarital-Status DiversityAge DiversityHousehold-Type DiversityHousehold-Size DiversityReligious Diversity
Birmingham, AL473250296434487290250240564032147432
Montgomery, AL35115322540945010427482742472953895
Mobile, AL425269195461472226256260289229747359
Huntsville, AL2539018336318827441217717075289443236
Tuscaloosa, AL401133190406395459279108409342292375217
Hoover, AL1247126027129014747227447739347530332
Dothan, AL35631922446036724322628437229366444252
Auburn, AL4002626927721148044489474462298143339
Decatur, AL3662521932823862388935172212349400224
Madison, AL1616928230459355484161479376476252236
Anchorage, AK50246126182271443305634330235259414
Juneau, AK83279231254662763641334120371181474
Fairbanks, AK11141715424062661033838341634838477
Badger, AK764933244312612128842444342054477
Knik-Fairview, AK12548837540885841014442245648062463
College, AK17213289195422542985360273145153477
Tanaina, AK1549935230011566496945046349029463
Lakes, AK107496349482681121305244841849895463
Sitka and, AK44329207267534033462254115179360440
Wasilla, AK1635003413437160364046431304192463
Phoenix, AZ15115410571693620430621140015243340
Tucson, AZ40722212589842872291301178636223357
Mesa, AZ145311216156506324530223731937399340
Chandler, AZ48120141116207044138239135742377340
Glendale, AZ2263161117974448226712738821837340
Gilbert, AZ1411952752344813645329246248548627340
Scottsdale, AZ136743792483224475376314206346475340
Tempe, AZ172106122111193004112484251905152340
Peoria, AZ529027722039108350249378290451156366
Surprise, AZ5439127424115183299242443432478310340

Note: All of the columns in the table above depict the relative rank of that city, where a rank of 1 represents the most diverse conditions for that metric category.

Rankings by City Size

RankLarge City Name
(Score)
RankMidsize City Name
(Score)
RankSmall City Name
(Score)
1Houston, TX
(71.87)
1Jersey City, NJ
(71.70)
1Gaithersburg, MD
(71.24)
2New York, NY
(71.59)
2Sandy Springs, GA
(70.72)
2Silver Spring, MD
(71.20)
3Dallas, TX
(71.52)
3Aurora, IL
(70.68)
3Danbury, CT
(71.05)
4Los Angeles, CA
(71.30)
4Yonkers, NY
(70.56)
4Germantown, MD
(70.98)
5Arlington, TX
(71.19)
5Stamford, CT
(70.55)
5Clifton, NJ
(70.54)
6Long Beach, CA
(71.06)
6Alexandria, VA
(70.46)
6New Rochelle, NY
(70.45)
7Chicago, IL
(71.05)
7Bridgeport, CT
(70.15)
7Norwalk, CT
(70.27)
8San Diego, CA
(70.42)
8Kent, WA
(69.84)
8Roswell, GA
(70.15)
9Charlotte, NC
(70.21)
9Kansas City, KS
(69.69)
9Brooklyn Park, MN
(69.86)
10Fort Worth, TX
(70.12)
10Elgin, IL
(69.65)
10Rockville, MD
(69.72)
11Sacramento, CA
(69.95)
11Orlando, FL
(69.56)
11Bear, DE
(69.71)
12San Jose, CA
(69.94)
12Renton, WA
(69.50)
12Johns Creek, GA
(69.45)
13St. Paul, MN
(69.93)
13Richmond, VA
(69.41)
13Waukegan, IL
(69.33)
14Fresno, CA
(69.89)
14Lowell, MA
(69.38)
14Federal Way, WA
(69.26)
15Denver, CO
(69.77)
15Plano, TX
(68.98)
15Lynn, MA
(69.25)
16Anaheim, CA
(69.77)
16Newark, NJ
(68.90)
16Hilo, HI
(69.11)
17Washington, DC
(69.71)
17Durham, NC
(68.71)
17Springdale, AR
(68.99)
18Austin, TX
(69.67)
18Allentown, PA
(68.52)
18Hammond, IN
(68.98)
19Oakland, CA
(69.62)
19Providence, RI
(68.34)
19Frederick, MD
(68.96)
20Boston, MA
(69.47)
20Columbia, MD
(68.29)
20Clovis, NM
(68.71)
21Nashville, TN
(69.21)
21Spring Valley, NV
(68.21)
21New Britain, CT
(68.69)
22Oklahoma City, OK
(69.21)
22Elizabeth, NJ
(68.16)
22Lancaster, PA
(68.64)
23Minneapolis, MN
(69.09)
23Glendale, AZ
(68.10)
23Santa Fe, NM
(68.48)
24Honolulu, HI
(68.80)
24Fort Lauderdale, FL
(68.05)
24Kenner, LA
(68.40)
25Phoenix, AZ
(68.79)
25North Las Vegas, NV
(67.99)
25Pawtucket, RI
(68.40)
26Bakersfield, CA
(68.77)
26Worcester, MA
(67.94)
26Hobbs, NM
(68.38)
27San Antonio, TX
(68.60)
27High Point, NC
(67.82)
27Kahului, HI
(68.00)
28Raleigh, NC
(68.49)
28Tempe, AZ
(67.71)
28Grand Island, NE
(67.95)
29Jacksonville, FL
(68.49)
29Winston-Salem, NC
(67.67)
29Bethlehem, PA
(67.89)
30Tampa, FL
(68.39)
30Waterbury, CT
(67.65)
30Harrisburg, PA
(67.66)
31Tulsa, OK
(68.35)
31Norfolk, VA
(67.59)
31Quincy, MA
(67.56)
32Albuquerque, NM
(68.26)
32Little Rock, AR
(67.55)
32Brockton, MA
(67.52)
33Corpus Christi, TX
(68.21)
33Greensboro, NC
(67.52)
33Yakima, WA
(67.47)
34San Francisco, CA
(68.06)
34Enterprise, NV
(67.50)
34Roswell, NM
(67.42)
35Atlanta, GA
(68.02)
35South Bend, IN
(67.46)
35Sioux City, IA
(67.35)
36Philadelphia, PA
(67.89)
36Columbus, GA
(67.46)
36Trenton, NJ
(67.31)
37Las Vegas, NV
(67.78)
37Paradise, NV
(67.44)
37Bloomington, MN
(67.26)
38Aurora, CO
(67.73)
38New Haven, CT
(67.43)
38Mount Vernon, NY
(67.16)
39Kansas City, MO
(67.48)
39Hartford, CT
(67.38)
39Farmington, NM
(67.12)
40Tucson, AZ
(67.44)
40Montgomery, AL
(67.35)
40Fort Smith, AR
(67.05)
40Omaha, NE
(67.44)
41Las Cruces, NM
(67.34)
41Roanoke, VA
(67.02)
42Milwaukee, WI
(67.44)
42Rockford, IL
(67.33)
42Lawton, OK
(66.89)
43Wichita, KS
(67.21)
43Chandler, AZ
(67.27)
43Rogers, AR
(66.88)
44Memphis, TN
(66.42)
44Grand Rapids, MI
(67.24)
44Rio Rancho, NM
(66.80)
45Lexington, KY
(66.41)
45Savannah, GA
(67.23)
45Goose Creek, SC
(66.77)
46Mesa, AZ
(66.16)
46West Valley City, UT
(67.15)
46Brookside, DE
(66.58)
47Louisville, KY
(66.13)
47Paterson, NJ
(67.04)
47Huron, SD
(66.53)
48Seattle, WA
(66.12)
48Baton Rouge, LA
(66.99)
48Kailua, HI
(66.53)
49Columbus, OH
(65.97)
49North Charleston, SC
(66.97)
49Biloxi, MS
(66.37)
50Indianapolis, IN
(65.91)
50Springfield, MA
(66.96)
50Ewa Gentry, HI
(66.36)
51Virginia Beach, VA
(65.80)
51Tallahassee, FL
(66.85)
51Sumter, SC
(66.23)
52Baltimore, MD
(65.65)
52Salt Lake City, UT
(66.80)
52Enid, OK
(66.23)
53New Orleans, LA
(65.35)
53Joliet, IL
(66.77)
53Hoover, AL
(66.18)
54St. Louis, MO
(65.32)
54Fayetteville, NC
(66.72)
54Pearl City, HI
(66.14)
55Henderson, NV
(65.26)
55Peoria, IL
(66.61)
55Midwest City, OK
(66.10)
56Cincinnati, OH
(65.18)
56Hampton, VA
(66.56)
56Albany, NY
(66.09)
57El Paso, TX
(65.04)
57Anchorage, AK
(66.53)
57Waipahu, HI
(66.08)
58Pittsburgh, PA
(64.97)
58Cary, NC
(66.47)
58Mililani Town, HI
(66.08)
59Miami, FL
(64.87)
59Syracuse, NY
(66.42)
59Kaneohe, HI
(66.04)
60Portland, OR
(64.78)
60Columbia, SC
(66.42)
60Bartlett, TN
(66.03)
61Cleveland, OH61Buffalo, NY
(66.41)
61New Bedford, MA
(66.01)
62Colorado Springs, CO62Augusta, GA
(66.38)
62North Little Rock, AR
(65.91)
63Detroit, MI63Tacoma, WA
(66.36)
63Rock Hill, SC
(65.89)
64Sunrise Manor, NV
(66.34)
64Lake Charles, LA
(65.87)
65Olathe, KS
(66.27)
65Williston, ND
(65.78)
66Clarksville, TN
(66.24)
66Schenectady, NY
(65.77)
67Des Moines, IA
(66.18)
67Bossier City, LA
(65.76)
68Metairie, LA
(66.14)
68Woonsocket, RI
(65.76)
69Lafayette, LA
(66.02)
69Pike Creek Valley, DE
(65.74)
70Bellevue, WA
(65.99)
70Reading, PA
(65.66)
71Huntsville, AL
(65.96)
71Glen Burnie, MD
(65.63)
72Overland Park, KS
(65.95)
72Caldwell, ID
(65.60)
73Chattanooga, TN
(65.83)
73Passaic, NJ
(65.59)
74Salem, OR
(65.81)
74Ellicott City, MD
(65.56)
75Fort Wayne, IN
(65.79)
75Middletown, DE
(65.55)
76Gresham, OR
(65.75)
76Beaverton, OR
(65.55)
77Rochester, MN
(65.73)
77Union City, NJ
(65.54)
78Hillsboro, OR
(65.71)
78Glasgow, DE
(65.54)
79Rochester, NY
(65.61)
79Racine, WI
(65.42)
80Broken Arrow, OK
(65.61)
80Cranston, RI
(65.39)
81Green Bay, WI
(65.56)
80Summerville, SC
(65.39)
82Madison, WI
(65.55)
82Greenville, SC
(65.38)
83Newport News, VA
(65.51)
83Edmond, OK
(65.38)
84Charleston, SC
(65.40)
84West Hartford, CT
(65.30)
85Cambridge, MA
(65.35)
85Alamogordo, NM
(65.29)
86Naperville, IL
(65.34)
86Nashua, NH
(65.25)
87Reno, NV
(65.31)
87Taylorsville, UT
(65.19)
88Topeka, KS
(65.30)
88Lenexa, KS
(65.19)
89Everett, WA
(65.14)
89Ogden, UT
(65.13)
90Athens, GA
(65.05)
90Gulfport, MS
(65.13)
91Macon, GA
(65.03)
91Waterloo, IA
(65.10)
92Springfield, IL
(65.01)
92Decatur, AL
(65.08)
93Chesapeake, VA
(64.96)
93Franklin, TN
(65.07)
94St. Petersburg, FL
(64.91)
94Newark, DE
(65.05)
95Mobile, AL
(64.87)
95Portsmouth, VA
(65.04)
96Lakewood, CO
(64.84)
96South Valley, NM
(64.99)
97Pueblo, CO
(64.66)
97Bristol, CT
(64.96)
98Sparks, NV
(64.65)
98Southaven, MS
(64.96)
99Wilmington, NC
(64.64)
99Horn Lake, MS
(64.95)
100Manchester, NH
(64.63)
100Bowling Green, KY
(64.94)
101Lansing, MI
(64.60)
101Pierre, SD
(64.94)
102Arlington, VA
(64.60)
102Camden, NJ
(64.92)
103Peoria, AZ
(64.57)
103East Honolulu, HI
(64.92)
104Sioux Falls, SD
(64.43)
104Columbus, NE
(64.91)
105Norman, OK
(64.39)
105Olive Branch, MS
(64.84)
106Fargo, ND
(64.38)
106Sitka and, AK
(64.79)
107Lincoln, NE
(64.34)
107Woodbury, MN
(64.76)
108Thornton, CO
(64.29)
108Bellevue, NE
(64.75)
109Westminster, CO
(64.21)
109Waukesha, WI
(64.74)
110Knoxville, TN
(64.14)
110Smyrna, DE
(64.74)
111Murfreesboro, TN
(64.13)
111Alexandria, LA
(64.64)
112Fort Collins, CO
(64.06)
112Waldorf, MD
(64.60)
113Port St. Lucie, FL
(64.03)
113Plymouth, MN
(64.57)
114Cape Coral, FL
(64.01)
114Fayetteville, AR
(64.55)
115Gilbert, AZ
(63.97)
115Jackson, TN
(64.51)
116Surprise, AZ
(63.95)
116Central Falls, RI
(64.46)
117Shreveport, LA
(63.90)
117Bentonville, AR
(64.44)
118Davenport, IA
(63.88)
118Shawnee, KS
(64.43)
119Independence, MO
(63.86)
119Minot, ND
(64.43)
120Cedar Rapids, IA
(63.73)
120Winooski, VT
(64.43)
121Birmingham, AL
(63.63)
121Tupelo, MS
(64.42)
122Akron, OH
(63.60)
122Twin Falls, ID
(64.41)
123Dayton, OH
(63.48)
123Madison, AL
(64.41)
124Sterling Heights, MI
(63.44)
124Wilmington, DE
(64.40)
125Boise, ID
(63.43)
125St. Cloud, MN
(64.38)
126Warren, MI
(63.22)
126Tuscaloosa, AL
(64.37)
127Scottsdale, AZ
(63.18)
127Norfolk, NE
(64.36)
128Columbia, MO
(63.16)
128Scranton, PA
(64.25)
129Vancouver, WA
(63.15)
129Dearborn, MI
(64.19)
130West Jordan, UT
(62.93)
130Dover, DE
(64.12)
131Toledo, OH
(62.89)
131Nampa, ID
(64.10)
132Ann Arbor, MI
(62.42)
132Aberdeen, SD
(64.10)
133Evansville, IN
(62.19)
133East Providence, RI
(64.08)
134Meridian, ID
(61.86)
134West Des Moines, IA
(64.08)
135Spokane, WA
(61.72)
135Ames, IA
(64.05)
136Jackson, MS
(61.55)
136Appleton, WI
(63.91)
137Centennial, CO
(61.22)
137Fairbanks, AK
(63.89)
138Billings, MT
(61.17)
138Fall River, MA
(63.86)
139Arvada, CO
(61.15)
139Newport, RI
(63.86)
140Springfield, MO
(60.26)
140Lorain, OH
(63.86)
141Eugene, OR
(60.17)
141College, AK
(63.80)
142Laredo, TX
(59.41)
142Dothan, AL
(63.79)
143Hialeah, FL
(57.95)
143Erie, PA
(63.78)
144Provo, UT144Juneau, AK
(63.77)
145Kenosha, WI
(63.76)
146Green River, WY
(63.58)
147Elizabethtown, KY
(63.56)
148St. Charles, MO
(63.54)
149Hastings, NE
(63.54)
150Salina, KS
(63.49)
151Auburn, AL
(63.46)
151Moore, OK
(63.46)
153Kearney, NE
(63.40)
154Hopkinsville, KY
(63.35)
155Mount Pleasant, SC
(63.32)
156Bismarck, ND
(63.32)
157Jackson, WY
(63.32)
158Grand Forks, ND
(63.27)
159Carson City, NV
(63.24)
160Cheyenne, WY
(63.22)
161Rock Springs, WY
(63.21)
162Toms River, NJ
(63.14)
163Greenville, NC
(63.14)
164Westland, MI
(63.09)
165Brookings, SD
(63.04)
166Cicero, IL
(63.01)
167Hattiesburg, MS
(63.01)
168Lee's Summit, MO
(62.95)
169Youngstown, OH
(62.92)
170Jonesboro, AR
(62.89)
171Maple Grove, MN
(62.88)
172Essex Junction, VT
(62.80)
173Wahpeton, ND
(62.77)
174Covington, KY
(62.74)
175Stillwater, OK
(62.64)
176Mitchell, SD
(62.62)
177Idaho Falls, ID
(62.61)
178Conway, AR
(62.60)
179Riverton, WY
(62.54)
180Iowa City, IA
(62.52)
181Dickinson, ND
(62.51)
182Fremont, NE
(62.50)
183Valley Falls, RI
(62.42)
184Parma, OH
(62.41)
185Manhattan, KS
(62.40)
186Rapid City, SD
(62.36)
187Lawrence, KS
(62.32)
188North Platte, NE
(62.31)
189Florence, KY
(62.29)
190Albany, GA
(62.27)
191Eau Claire, WI
(62.26)
192Owensboro, KY
(62.21)
193West Fargo, ND
(62.20)
194Meridian, MS
(62.18)
195Yankton, SD
(62.08)
196Pocatello, ID
(62.06)
197Johnson City, TN
(62.04)
198St. Joseph, MO
(62.01)
199Hilton Head Island, SC
(61.91)
200Laramie, WY
(61.82)
201Monroe, LA
(61.80)
202Cheektowaga, NY
(61.77)
203St. Peters, MO
(61.71)
204Watertown, SD
(61.58)
205Gary, IN
(61.58)
206Fishers, IN
(61.53)
207O'Fallon, MO
(61.52)
208Pine Bluff, AR
(61.48)
209Mandan, ND
(61.43)
210South Burlington, VT
(61.41)
211Burlington, VT
(61.36)
212Jamestown, ND
(61.31)
213Canton, OH
(61.28)
214Carmel, IN
(61.22)
215Coeur d'Alene, ID
(61.15)
216Council Bluffs, IA
(61.08)
217Sandy, UT
(61.03)
218Medford, OR
(61.02)
219Portsmouth, NH
(61.01)
220Lafayette, IN
(60.98)
221Sheridan, WY
(60.97)
222Corvallis, OR
(60.94)
223Oshkosh, WI
(60.90)
224Warwick, RI
(60.89)
225Helena, MT
(60.87)
226Wasilla, AK
(60.84)
227Charleston, WV
(60.82)
228Levittown, PA
(60.82)
229Evanston, WY
(60.79)
230Wheeling, WV
(60.78)
231Casper, WY
(60.74)
232Badger, AK
(60.70)
233Martinsburg, WV
(60.70)
234Livonia, MI
(60.63)
235Duluth, MN
(60.59)
236Portland, ME
(60.56)
237Janesville, WI
(60.55)
238Hockessin, DE
(60.52)
239Westerly, RI
(60.46)
240Miles City, MT
(60.45)
241Concord, NH
(60.37)
242Clarksburg, WV
(60.16)
243Great Falls, MT
(60.11)
244Tanaina, AK
(60.07)
245Dubuque, IA
(60.06)
246Spearfish, SD
(60.01)
247Georgetown, KY
(60.00)
248Havre, MT
(59.97)
249Gillette, WY
(59.96)
250Bozeman, MT
(59.94)
251Weirton, WV
(59.92)
252Post Falls, ID
(59.83)
253Fairmont, WV
(59.80)
254Greenville, MS
(59.77)
255Lewiston, ME
(59.75)
256Bloomington, IN
(59.58)
257Knik-Fairview, AK
(59.47)
258Flint, MI
(59.40)
259Biddeford, ME
(59.31)
260St. George, UT
(59.27)
261Butte-Silver Bow, MT
(59.17)
262South Portland, ME
(59.13)
263Dover, NH
(59.06)
264Bend, OR
(59.06)
265Lakes, AK
(59.02)
266Middlebury, VT
(59.00)
267Anaconda, MT
(58.97)
268Montpelier, VT
(58.85)
269Layton, UT
(58.78)
270Missoula, MT
(58.71)
271Derry, NH
(58.63)
272Beckley, WV
(58.53)
273Auburn, ME
(58.39)
274Springfield, OR
(58.38)
275Richmond, KY
(58.34)
276Rutland, VT
(57.93)
277Westbrook, ME
(57.80)
278Sanford, ME
(57.73)
279Bennington, VT
(57.66)
280Morgantown, WV
(57.63)
281Laconia, NH
(57.62)
282Kalispell, MT
(57.51)
283Augusta, ME
(57.48)
284Lebanon, NH
(57.39)
285Huntington, WV
(57.22)
285Saco, ME
(57.22)
287Parkersburg, WV
(57.20)
288Lewiston, ID
(57.10)
289Rochester, NH
(56.66)
290Keene, NH
(56.64)
291Barre, VT
(56.57)
292Bangor, ME
(55.57)
293Orem, UT
(55.55)
294Brattleboro, VT
(55.48)

Ask the Experts

Many local economies use their diverse demographics to their advantage, mirroring the country’s economic success as a whole. But diversity also has its drawbacks. For insight into the advantages and disadvantages of diversity as well as advice on how to channel different demographic characteristics toward economic growth, we asked a panel of experts to share their thoughts on the following key questions:

  1. What are the pros and cons of living and working in a diverse city?
  2. Is there a relationship between diversity and economic growth in cities?
  3. What can local policy makers do to harness the diversity in their cities to spur innovation?
  4. Which types of diversity are good or bad for cities?
  5. There is strong evidence that certain racial and ethnic minority groups have been affected differently by COVID-19. What can local governments do to ensure health equity?

Ask the Experts

Ryan Muldoon
Director of Undergraduate Studies; Associate Professor, Director of Philosophy, Politics and Economics Program, Department of Philosophy, College of Arts and Sciences – University at Buffalo, The State University of New York
Read More

Christian Matheis
Visiting Assistant Professor, Justice and Policy Studies – Guilford College
Read More

Arthur W. Blaser
Professor, Departments of Peace Studies and Political Science; Co-Director, Disability Studies Minor – Chapman University
Read More

(Video) Top 10 States with the least diversity.

Vanessa Gonlin
Ph.D. – Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology; Affiliate, Institute for Women's Studies – University of Georgia
Read More

(Video) The 10 MOST DIVERSE STATES in AMERICA

Methodology

In order to determine the most diverse cities in America, WalletHub compared 501 of the most populated cities — limiting each state to no more than 10 cities each — across five key dimensions: 1) Socioeconomic Diversity, 2) Cultural Diversity, 3) Economic Diversity, 4) Household Diversity and 5) Religious Diversity.

We conducted our analysis using the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index method, which is a commonly accepted measure of market concentration that also works effectively as a general-purpose measure of diversity (e.g., race/ethnicity, occupations, languages, nationalities).

Our sample considers only the city proper in each case and excludes cities in the surrounding metro area. Each city was categorized according to the following population-size guidelines:

  • Large cities: More than 300,000 residents
  • Midsize cities: 100,000 to 300,000 residents
  • Small cities: Fewer than 100,000 residents

We then evaluated the five dimensions using 13 relevant metrics, which are listed below with their corresponding weights and subcomponents. Each metric was graded on a 100-point scale, with a score of 100 representing the most diversity.

Lastly, we determined each city’s weighted average across all metrics to calculate its overall score and used the resulting scores to rank-order our sample.

  1. Socioeconomic Diversity – Total Points: 20
    1. Household-Income Diversity: Double Weight (~13.33 Points)
      • $34,999 or less
      • $35,000–$49,999
      • $50,000–$74,999
      • $75,000–$99,999
      • $100,000–$149,999
      • $150,000 or more
    2. Educational-Attainment Diversity: Full Weight (~6.67 Points)
      • Without a high school diploma
      • High school diploma and perhaps some college or an associate’s degree
      • Bachelor’s degree
      • Graduate or professional degree
    (Video) America's Most Diverse Cities | CNBC
  2. Cultural Diversity – Total Points: 20
    1. Racial & Ethnic Diversity: Triple Weight (~10.00 Points)
      • Hispanic or Latino
      • White (not Hispanic or Latino)
      • Black or African American (not Hispanic or Latino)
      • Asian (not Hispanic or Latino)
      • All others (American Indian and Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, some other race alone, two or more races and not Hispanic or Latino)
    2. Linguistic Diversity: Double Weight (~6.67 Points)
      • English
      • Spanish
      • Other Indo-European languages
      • Asian and Pacific-Islander languages
      • Other languages
    3. Birthplace Diversity: Full Weight (~3.33 Points)
      • In State of Residence
      • Northeast Region
      • Midwest Region
      • South Region
      • West Region
      • U.S. Territory & Abroad (if born to American parent(s))
      • Foreign Nation
  3. Economic Diversity – Total Points: 20
    1. Industry Diversity: Triple Weight (~12.00 Points)
      Note: Considers the civilian employed population aged 16 and older.
      • Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting, and Mining
      • Construction
      • Manufacturing
      • Wholesale Trade
      • Retail Trade
      • Transportation and Warehousing, and Utilities
      • Information
      • Finance and Insurance, and Real Estate and Rental and Leasing
      • Professional, Scientific, and Management, and Administrative and Waste-Management Services
      • Educational Services, and Health Care and Social Assistance
      • Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation, and Accommodation and Food Services
      • Other Services (excluding Public Administration)
      • Public Administration
    2. Occupational Diversity: Full Weight (~4.00 Points)
      Note: Considers the civilian employed population aged 16 and older.
      • Management, Business, Science, and Arts Occupations
      • Service Occupations
      • Sales and Office Occupations
      • Natural-Resources, Construction, and Maintenance Occupations
      • Production, Transportation, and Material Moving Occupations
    3. Worker-Class Diversity: Full Weight (~4.00 Points)
      Note: Considers the civilian employed population aged 16 and older.
      • Private Wage and Salary Workers
      • Government Workers
      • Self-Employed Workers (operating their own, unincorporated businesses)
        Note: Includes “people who worked for profit or fees in their own unincorporated business, professional practice, or trade or who operated a farm,” according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
      • Unpaid Family Workers
  4. Household Diversity – Total Points: 20
    1. Marital-Status Diversity: Full Weight (~5.00 Points)
      • Never Married
      • Married (excluding separated)
      • Divorced
      • Separated
      • Widowed
    2. Age Diversity: Full Weight (~5.00 Points)
      • Aged 19 and younger
      • Aged 20-24
      • Aged 25-34
      • Aged 35-44
      • Aged 45-54
      • Aged 55-64
      • Aged 65 and older
    3. Household-Type Diversity: Full Weight (~5.00 Points)
      • Family households with married couples
      • Male-headed family households (no spouse present)
      • Female-headed family households (no spouse present)
      • Cohabiting couple households
    4. Household-Size Diversity: Full Weight (~5.00 Points)
      • Two-person family households
      • Three-person family households
      • Four-person family households
      • Five-person family households
      • Six-person family households
      • Seven-person or more family households
      • One-person nonfamily households
      • Two-person nonfamily households
      • Three-person nonfamily households
      • Four-person nonfamily households
      • Five-person nonfamily households
      • Six-person nonfamily households
      • Seven-person or more nonfamily households
  5. Religious Diversity – Total Points: 20
    • Evangelical Protestant
    • Mainline Protestant
    • Black Protestant
    • Catholic
    • Orthodox Christian
    • Jewish
    • Muslim
    • Buddhist
    • Hindu
    • Unaffiliated
    • Other Religions


Sources: Data used to create this ranking were collected from the U.S. Census Bureau and ARDA.

Videos for News Use:

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(Video) 10 Most Diverse Cities to Live in the World

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FAQs

Which city is most diverse in USA? ›

1. Houston, Texas. The fourth largest city in the country, Houston, comes out on top as the most diverse city in the U.S. With a 100 score being the most diverse across all five metrics, Houston scored a 71.87.

What is the most diverse city in the US 2022? ›

Jersey City is the most ethnically diverse city in the United States. Jersey City is the second-most populous in New Jersey with an estimated population of 247,597.
...
Most Diverse Cities in the United States 2022
  • Germantown, MD.
  • Silver Spring, MD.
  • Spring Valley, NV.
  • New York NY.
  • Oakland, CA.
  • San Jose, CA.
  • Rockville, MD.
  • Kent, WA.

What US state is the most diverse? ›

Every state was scored in six categories of diversity: socio-economic, cultural, economic, household, religious and political. The highest score went to liberal California, which was followed closely by conservative Texas. The Golden State ranked first in both socio-economic and cultural diversity.

What is the least diverse city in America? ›

The least-diverse metro areas are concentrated in Appalachia, the northern Great Plains and Rockies, and just outside major cities in the Midwest, such as Chicago, Minneapolis and Indianapolis. The least diverse metro of all is Parkersburg-Vienna, alongside the Ohio River in West Virginia, at 95.1 percent White.

Is Houston or Dallas more diverse? ›

Houston was named the nation's most diverse city, Dallas was No. 5 and Arlington placed No. 9 in the annual list compiled by personal finance site WalletHub. Dallas is one of three Texas cities to make the top 10 in a study ranking the nation's most diverse cities, coming in at No.

What's the whitest state in the US? ›

Based on the most recent data from the U.S. Census Bureau, the ten whitest U.S. states are:
  • Maine - 94.4%
  • Vermont - 94.2%
  • West Virginia - 93.5%
  • New Hampshire - 93.1%
  • Idaho - 93.0%
  • Wyoming - 92.5%
  • Iowa - 90.6%
  • Utah - 90.6%

What is the least racially diverse state? ›

West Virginia has been named the least diverse state in the nation according to a WalletHub ranking.

Is New York more diverse than LA? ›

New York More Diverse Than Los Angeles Thanks To Brooklyn Neighborhood: Study. After a decade of playing second fiddle to Los Angeles, New York now reigns supreme as the most diverse city in America, according to census data.

What cities have the most minorities? ›

America's Most Diverse Big Cities
  • Sacramento, California.
  • New York, New York.
  • Long Beach, California.
  • San Jose, California.
  • Houston, Texas.
  • Los Angeles, California.
  • Fresno, California.
  • Chicago, Illinois.
22 Jan 2020

Is New York City the most diverse city in the world? ›

It should come as no surprise that among 500 of the country's largest cities, New York City leads in diversity. According to Business Insider, there are more than 800 languages spoken in Queens alone, making it the most linguistically diverse area in the world.

Whats the most diverse place in the world? ›

Toronto. With around half of its population born outside the country, Toronto is often referred to as 'the most multicultural city in the world. ' Located in Canada, this city boasts 200 ethnic groups with over 140 languages spoken.

What is the blackest state in America? ›

Texas has the highest Black population in the United States of 3,936,669, about 14% of Texas's total population. Texas is the second-most diverse state in the U.S. Following Texas is Florida with 3,867,495 (18%), New York with 3,763,977 (19%), and Georgia with 3,549,349 (34%).

Which states have the most minorities? ›

Six states are majority-minority as of July 2019: Hawaii, New Mexico, California, Texas, Nevada, and Maryland.

What state has the most Black population? ›

Texas has the largest Black state population

With more than 3.9 million Black people in 2019, Texas is home to the largest Black population in the U.S. Florida has the second largest population at 3.8 million, and Georgia is home to 3.6 million Black people.

What city has most black population? ›

In 2020, the largest cities which had a Black majority were Detroit, Michigan (population 639K), Memphis, Tennessee (population 633K), Baltimore, Maryland (population 534K), New Orleans, Louisiana (population 384K), and Cleveland, Ohio (population 373K).

What is the blackest city in America 2021? ›

Here is the full list:
  • Jackson, MS.
  • Detroit, MI.
  • Birmingham, AL.
  • Miami Gardens, FL.
  • Memphis, TN.
  • Baltimore, MD.
  • Montgomery, AL.
  • New Orleans, LA.
27 Aug 2019

Which is the most multicultural city in the world? ›

Toronto, with nearly half of its population born outside of Canada, is often referred to as the most multicultural city in the world, with over 200 ethnic groups and over 140 languages spoken.

What city in Texas is most diverse? ›

Woodbridge - Whispering Hills. #1 Most Diverse Places to Live in Texas.

Is Texas racially diverse? ›

TEXAS — Texas is one of the most diverse states in the nation, and it's getting more so. In fact, the Lone Star State only ranks behind California when it comes to diversity. That's among the findings in a WalletHub study that drew on U.S. 2020 census data.

Is Houston more diverse than NYC? ›

According to a report from WalletHub, which was released Monday, Houston is the most diverse city in the U.S., narrowly beating out the rest of the top five cities, Jersey City, New Jersey, New York City, Dallas, and Los Angeles by a few tenths of a point.

Where do most black people live? ›

The 10 states where 60 percent of African Americans resided were: New York, California, Texas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, North Carolina, Maryland, Michigan and Louisiana. Five of these had more than 2 million Blacks each: New York, California, Texas, Florida and Georgia.

What is the least white state? ›

Vermont had the highest White population share (99.9 percent) of its total population, followed by New Hampshire at 99.8 percent, and Maine 99.7 percent, while Mississippi had the lowest proportion of White population at 54.6 percent (Table 1).

What's the whitest city in America? ›

As the United States became more ethnically and racially diverse in the last decade, Portland did too – all while remaining the whitest big city in America. In 2020, 66.4% of city residents identified as non-Hispanic white, according to census data, down from 72.2% a decade earlier and 75.5% two decades before that.

What are the most inclusive states? ›

The most inclusive state in the US is actually Hawaii, followed by Nevada, Maryland, Vermont and California, according to the Haas Institute's index. At the bottom of the list are Louisiana, South Dakota, Texas, Oklahoma and Mississippi. Hawaii's no. 1 ranking has a lot to do with its racial diversity.

Why is California so culturally diverse? ›

California's wealth lies in the diversity of its land and people. Our cultural heritage is derived from at least 300 indigenous tribal groups and explorers and immigrants from many continents, including '49ers seeking gold and settlers seeking a new life.

Is Texas the most diverse state? ›

According to WalletHub, Texas was ranked the 2nd most diverse state in America, right behind California. The study looked at a number of categories including industry, racial, ethnic, and religious diversity.

Which is safer NYC or LA? ›

There is a higher crime rate in LA than in NYC. According to the 2021 reports, violent crimes, including murder, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault, LA scored 29.1, and NYC has 28.2. And, for property crimes, including burglary, theft, and arson, LA stood at 35.1 and NYC at 24.9.

Is it better to live in NYC or LA? ›

Overall, LA is about 24% less expensive than NYC. The cost of living in LA is lower than in NYC thanks to far lower housing prices. On average, housing in LA is 34% cheaper than in New York City. Additionally, prices for groceries, as well as restaurant prices, are lower in Los Angeles than in NYC.

Is it cheaper to live in LA or NYC? ›

Both cities charge a higher cost of living that is more than the national average. But, Los Angeles is slightly cheaper when it comes to certain expenses, while NYC is more expensive when it comes to other expenses. Let's break it down.

What is the blackest city in America by percentage? ›

10 Cities with Highest Percentage of Blacks or African Americans
City 2000%%
Atlanta, Ga.61.460.2
Memphis, Tenn.61.456.6
Washington, DC60.056.6
Richmond, Va.57.255.4
6 more rows

What U.S. city has the most Mexican population? ›

Meanwhile, the highest proportions of Hispanic Americans were in Puerto Rico (98.88%), New Mexico (47.74%), California (39.40%), Texas (39.26%), and Arizona (30.65%).
...
List.
CityEast Los Angeles
StateCalifornia
Hispanic %95.9%
Population118,786
Hispanic population113,036
92 more columns

Where do most Italian live in New York? ›

New York City has the largest population of Italian Americans in the United States of America as well as North America, many of whom inhabit ethnic enclaves in Brooklyn, the Bronx, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island.

Where do Asians live in NYC? ›

Asian Indians are primarily concentrated in neighborhoods of the southeastern Queens: Howard Beach (19,000), Richmond Hills (18,000), and Queens Village (13,000). And almost half of Korean immigrants live in Flushing and Bayside. Filipino immigrants are dispersed throughout the borough of Queens.

Is New York or London more diverse? ›

London may come in second place behind New York City for percentage of immigrant population. But it is easily the most diverse city in all of Europe, as well as one of the most multicultural cities in the world.

Is Seattle racially diverse? ›

A low score means most residents are of the same race/ethnicity. Seattle's diversity index score for 2020 was 60.1. Among the 50 largest U.S. cities, Seattle ranked as the 39th most racially diverse (or 12th least diverse, depending on your point of view) in 2020.

Which country is most multicultural? ›

Many of us have always known Australia is a successful multicultural nation but now we can boast about the fact that Australia is the most ethnically diverse country in the world.

What is a multicultural city? ›

A multicultural city is a place where different races, cultures and lifestyles flourish as of rights; their differences are recognized, accommodated and interwoven into shared citizenship, civic culture and common institutions.

What states are losing population? ›

Four states experienced population declines because more people moved out than in, and more people died than were born: Massachusetts, Mississippi, Michigan, and New Mexico. The data does not separate deaths related to COVID-19 from others.

What U.S. city has the highest white population? ›

15 largest US cities
2015 rankCityWhite percentage
1New York44.0%
2Los Angeles41.3%
3Chicago45.0%
4Houston49.3%
11 more rows

What is the largest race in the world? ›

The world's largest ethnic group is Han Chinese, with Mandarin being the world's most spoken language in terms of native speakers.

What state has the most Mexicans? ›

Some of the nation's largest Hispanic populations are in the four states that border Mexico – California, Texas, Arizona and New Mexico. In fact, the two states with the most Hispanics, California (15.6 million) and Texas (11.5 million), alone account for 45% of the nation's Hispanic population.

What states have the most Latinos? ›

More than half (55%) of the U.S. Hispanic population resides in three states: California, Texas, and Florida. California has the nation's largest Hispanic population, with about 14.4 million Hispanics. California's Hispanic population alone accounts for more than one-fourth (28%) of U.S. Hispanics.

What is a majority minority city? ›

A majority-minority or minority-majority area is a term used to refer to a subdivision in which one or more racial, ethnic, and/or religious minorities (relative to the whole country's population) make up a majority of the local population.

What percent of America is Black? ›

What percent of U.S. is white? ›

Table
Population
White alone, percent 75.8%
Black or African American alone, percent(a) 13.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a) 1.3%
Asian alone, percent(a) 6.1%
54 more rows

Where did the majority of slaves go? ›

Well over 90 percent of enslaved Africans were sent to the Caribbean and South America. Only about 6 percent of African captives were sent directly to British North America.

Is New York more diverse than LA? ›

New York More Diverse Than Los Angeles Thanks To Brooklyn Neighborhood: Study. After a decade of playing second fiddle to Los Angeles, New York now reigns supreme as the most diverse city in America, according to census data.

Is NYC the most diverse city? ›

Major cities like NYC and Los Angeles are known for their diversity, but neither is No. 1. For the sixth consecutive year, Jersey City has been declared the most ethnically diverse city in the country.

Is Los Angeles the most diverse city in America? ›

San Jose, United States (39.3%) Los Angeles, United States (37.7%) New York City, United States (37.5%)

What cities have the most minorities? ›

America's Most Diverse Big Cities
  • Sacramento, California.
  • New York, New York.
  • Long Beach, California.
  • San Jose, California.
  • Houston, Texas.
  • Los Angeles, California.
  • Fresno, California.
  • Chicago, Illinois.
22 Jan 2020

Which is safer NYC or LA? ›

There is a higher crime rate in LA than in NYC. According to the 2021 reports, violent crimes, including murder, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault, LA scored 29.1, and NYC has 28.2. And, for property crimes, including burglary, theft, and arson, LA stood at 35.1 and NYC at 24.9.

Is it better to live in NYC or LA? ›

Overall, LA is about 24% less expensive than NYC. The cost of living in LA is lower than in NYC thanks to far lower housing prices. On average, housing in LA is 34% cheaper than in New York City. Additionally, prices for groceries, as well as restaurant prices, are lower in Los Angeles than in NYC.

Is it cheaper to live in LA or NYC? ›

Both cities charge a higher cost of living that is more than the national average. But, Los Angeles is slightly cheaper when it comes to certain expenses, while NYC is more expensive when it comes to other expenses. Let's break it down.

Is New York or London more diverse? ›

London may come in second place behind New York City for percentage of immigrant population. But it is easily the most diverse city in all of Europe, as well as one of the most multicultural cities in the world.

What's the most multicultural city in the world? ›

Toronto. With around half of its population born outside the country, Toronto is often referred to as 'the most multicultural city in the world. ' Located in Canada, this city boasts 200 ethnic groups with over 140 languages spoken.

Is Houston more diverse than New York? ›

The report found that overall, the most diverse city was Houston, Texas, with a total score of 71.8; the least diverse was Provo, Utah, with only 55.38 points. The top ten most diverse cities overall were all located in just six states: Texas, New Jersey, New York, California, Maryland or Illinois.

Is LA or San Francisco more diverse? ›

LA is definitely a diverse city, but San Francisco manages to beat it. San Francisco is home to tons of ethnic enclaves with a population that's 45% white, 34% Asian, 15% Hispanic, 5% Black, 8% other races, and 6.5% two or more races.

Is Seattle racially diverse? ›

A low score means most residents are of the same race/ethnicity. Seattle's diversity index score for 2020 was 60.1. Among the 50 largest U.S. cities, Seattle ranked as the 39th most racially diverse (or 12th least diverse, depending on your point of view) in 2020.

Which country is most multicultural? ›

Many of us have always known Australia is a successful multicultural nation but now we can boast about the fact that Australia is the most ethnically diverse country in the world.

What is the blackest city in America by percentage? ›

10 Cities with Highest Percentage of Blacks or African Americans
City 2000%%
Atlanta, Ga.61.460.2
Memphis, Tenn.61.456.6
Washington, DC60.056.6
Richmond, Va.57.255.4
6 more rows

What is the least racially diverse state? ›

West Virginia has been named the least diverse state in the nation according to a WalletHub ranking.

What city has the most successful Black population? ›

Atlanta, like several Southern cities on the list, have become the primary landing spot for career-driven people of color.
...
  • San Antonio, Texas (tie) ...
  • Houston (tie) ...
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, South Carolina. ...
  • Baltimore. ...
  • Austin, Texas. ...
  • Washington, D.C.-VA-MD-WV (tie) ...
  • Atlanta (tie)
17 Jan 2020

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